Stress and the human body

In medical terms stress is defined as our mental and emotional state that is strained by adverse circumstances around us. There are two types of Stress – Good and Bad. Good stress is the one that the body’s nervous system gets in small amounts everyday. This kind of stress motivates us to perform and function everyday. Bad stress is the one that overwhelms you and induces anxiety. We should limit the stressful situations called the stressors. Below are common symptoms of stress

Cognitive symptoms:

  • Memory issues / Inability to concentrate
  • Poor judgment
  • Excessive negative thinking
  • Anxiety and worry

Emotional symptoms:

  • Depression or general unhappiness.
  • Agitation, irritability, or anger.
  • Feeling overwhelmed.
  • Loneliness and isolation.

Physical symptoms:

  • Body pains
  • Nausea, diarrhea / constipation
  • Dizziness
  • Chest pain, rapid heart rate
  • Loss of sex drive
  • Frequent colds or flu

Behavioral symptoms:

  • Eating more or less
  • Sleeping too much or too little
  • Withdrawing from others
  • Procrastinating or neglecting responsibilities
  • Nervous habits (e.g. nail biting, twitching)

How a person reacts to stress differs. Stress is caused by different factors and with different resolutions. Our personality and emotions will determine how much the effect of stress on our body will be. Some may have higher stress threshold as compared to us. Common external causes of stress include:

  • Major life changes.
  • Work or school.
  • Financial problems.
  • Children, family or relationships.

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